Madurai has also been described as the “Athens of South India” due to its ancient cultural heritage, home to various Paleolithic, Neolithic and Megalithic sites. It was previously suggested that the urbanization of ancient Thamijhakam began in the third century BC. In 2019, the excavation date from Kijhadi was postponed to 600BCE. Carbon dating has been carried out on organic material from archeological excavations at Shivakalai in Thuthukudi district which reveals that the Thamirabarani civilization of Tamil Nadu is at least 3,200 years old. Organic material found here – said to be rice in a pot – 1155 BC. Archaeological reports claim that with the discovery in Adichanallur and Korkai, in the ninth and eighth centuries BC, respectively, the discovery “firmly” established the existence of a mature civilization on the banks of the Porunai (Thamirabarani) River. The remnants of the Pronai river civilization refute the theory that the second urbanization of India started in the Gangetic plain and then spread to the south. Knowledge of the clothing and apparel of the Parunai River Civilization can be gleaned from the Kijhadi archeological excavations which include gold ornaments, ear ornaments, spindle vortices, terracotta beads and semi-precious stones like agate, cornelian, crystal etc. Archaeologists and historians have also speculated that the ancient Thames may have traded products such as pearls, gemstones, textiles and perfumes with Southeast Asian countries, Sri Lanka, Egypt, Rome, Greece and China.
Vaigai Valley is the garment of civilization
Excavations at Kijhadi include looming tools such as spindles, bone tips and copper needles, hanging threads of yarn, earthenware spheres and earthenware vessels for holding liquids which are clearly evident from spinning, yarn, weaving and weaving at various stages of the weaving industry. To paint later.
Unlike weaving artifacts that have survived for thousands of years, the fabric itself does not stand the test of time. However, the Akam and Puram poems of the later Sangam era mention that people wore clothes called “Kalingam”. Puram says that the people of ancient Thamizkam wore cotton and silk garments. Akam further suggested that leaves of Ashoka tree, Punnai flower, coconut fiber, animal hair (wool) were used for the purpose of clothing. Evidence of the weaving industry from the excavations of Kijhadi, probably the material culture of the garments mentioned in the Sangam texts in the Vaigai Valley civilization, has been used since at least 600 BCE.
Excavations at Adhichanallur, another archeological site about 15 km from the ancient Pandian capital of Korkai, have unearthed various artifacts between 905 and 696 BC. A palm-shaped bronze statue excavated from Adhichanallur, featuring waist-wrapped garments similar to those of the Indus Valley dated 1000BCE. References to the work of Silapathikaram, Kalithokai and other Sangams in the 1st millennium CE confirm that women (like Kannagi and Madhavi) wore only underwear from the waist down to the ankles. It is very probable that the people living in Qizhadi during the 600BCE initially covered only the lower part of the body – a clothing culture that is evident from the Adhichanallu statue and survived well into the 1st millennium CE.
Keijhadi’s jewelry and ornaments
Seven gold ornaments, copper ornaments, gem beads, more than 4000 beads of semi-precious stones, glass beads, shell bangles, ivory bangles, combs and terracotta items indicate Kijadi’s cultural richness and economic prosperity.
Similarities between Porunai (Thamirabarani) River Civilization and Indus Valley Civilization
Urban town planning, structural engineering, brick structures, terracotta ring wells, tiled roof tiles with double holes, and deep finger-pressed grooves for rainwater harvesting, as well as the material culture of antiquities, evidence of cattle breeding and the graffiti of some jihadists. The Indus Valley is similar to civilization.